1. Cuttack, Odisha
Leaving the luxuries that came with his birth, a man decided to use his knowledge and skills to help his country attain freedom. He stood up for what he believed in, even if it meant going against popular opinions. Hailed as ‘Netaji’, Subhas Chandra Bose is the beloved hero of Indian history. He moved territories and countries to ensure India broke the shackles of British rule off. Here’s taking a look back at all the places which are closely associated with his life. Meanwhile, watch his life story in the latest Bengali TV serial Netaji, below.
Subhash Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, Odisha to Prabhavati Devi and Janakikanth Bose, who was a lawyer. He did his schooling in Cuttack, in Protestant European School, Ravenshaw Collegiate School and then joined Presidency College in Kolkata.
Netaji was initially a student of Presidency College in Kolkata from where he was expelled for taking on a professor named Oaten who was known for his anti-India comments. This is where his tilt to the freedom movement started. Netaji’s house in Kolkata is in Elgin Road. It is now a museum. It is from this house that the Great Calcutta Escape happened. He managed to escape from his room where he was confined since his release from jail. He escaped in disguise with the help of family and friends to leave India via Afghanistan to reach Germany and find support for the freedom movement.
3. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
4. Berlin, Germany
After escaping from India, Netaji had first reached Moscow in Russia. However, he didn’t get adequate response for his plea for help to fight the British. The German Ambassador in Moscow had him flown to Germany in a special aircraft. He was attached to the Special Bureau for India which was responsible for broadcasting the German-sponsored Azad Hind Radio. This is also where he created the Free India Legion, for which 3,000 Indian prisoners of war – who had previously fought for the British — signed up. Germany is also where Netaji met Emilie Schenkl, who he later married. They also had a daughter – Anita Bose Pfaff.
Netaji left Germany disillusioned, and boarded a submarine and left for Japan, through Madagascar. In May 1943, after reaching Japanese-held Sumatra, he revamped the Indian National Army (also known as Azad Hind Fauj), which consisted of Indian soldiers captured by the British in the Battle of Singapore. The INA, under his leadership, grew to a strength of 85,000.
For more entertaining content, watch Rani Rashmoni on ZEE5.